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tv   France 24  LINKTV  October 10, 2017 5:30am-6:00am PDT

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time fors france 24, 60 minutes live around the world. these are the headlines, spain waiting to see if the catalonia president will follow through on his promise to declare indedependence. it could happen this evening in barcelona where he will address the regional parliament. wildfires in california wine country forced 20,000 people to flee with hundreds of homes and businesses destroyed and 10 people killed. as africa's first female
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president plans to step aside library at a likes a new leader, 20 candidates in the running to replace the president also, france racing for its biggest strike over the president's plan to eliminate 120,000 public jobs . more coming up in business. a frightening new report from greenpeace says france's nuclear reactors not as prepared as they should be in case of a terror attack. first, our tip -- our top story live from paris. ♪ >> police in spain have closed off a park surrounding the regional government in catalonia
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, ahead of what could be a declaration of unilateral independence from their tonight. the catalunya president has yet to say whether or not he will do that when he addresses the parliament around 6:00 p.m. local time. today, he met with his cabinet in a closed-door session. nine days ago, catalonia voted for independence in a disputed referendum. over the weekend, 350,000 people turned out againstst independen. we have more on the mounting pressure coming from all sides of the debate. >> with catalonia deeply divided on the question of independence, there is at least one place where there is unfair to support for the catalonia president. that is thee 54-year-oldld's hometown. >> i thought that with him we would reach the end of our quest for independence. >> the residents are pushing him to declare independence.
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politically, there is strong pressure coming from pro-independence parties, including a key partner, the far left. >> if we are not a state, it is difficult to discuss with states at the same level. a situation difficult for us. that is one of the main reasons, we want the declaration and a real statement of independence. >> since the disputed referendum , pressure not to declare independence has been mounting. late monday, the mayor of barcelona said no unilateral measures should be taken. she says it is time for dialogue, even if she blames madrid for exacerbating the situation. >> n now, more than ever, we ned to think collectively as a country and not precipitate actionon. we cannot afford to put in peril social cohesion and catalonia institutions. thinky businesses
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catalonia may not be willing to take the risk of no longer being a part of spain and the eurozone. added their names to a growing list of companies that are planning to relocate. and i visit with financial consequences that may or may not that may not affect the decision. more about what we may expect tonight at 6:00 p.m. nobody knows what he will say but what are the different pressures that may push them one way or another over the independence to make? >> on the one hand you have the hard-line political forces in catalonia who wants a clean break. they want a declaration of independence. halloween that, the spain security personnel would considered foreign forces and asked to leave. financial, which
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institutions pay to catalonia. that would be the extreme scenario. dodline political forces have organizing power in the streets. the mayor needs to be mindful of them and mindful of the business community, which he is worried about, all of this sounding a bit like brexit. you have also got more moderate politicians who want a transition towards independence, if a deal with madrid cannot be reached. not a clean break. that could involve a symbolic declaration of independence, not necessarily today but further down the line. without radical moves such as trying to kick out spanish police and civil guards. .hat is some of the scenarios we will have to wait for the speech to know more. >> what kind of reaction may
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there be from madrid, the national government, if he declared independence? >> that is the big if. people have been talking about article 155 of the spanish constitution, which could in theory be used to dissolve the catalonia cabinet and take over its powers and dissolve the regional parliament. that would effectively end catalonia's autonomous status. that used to be called the nuclear option. i think it is now seen as a little bit more real, given the nature of the police crackdown on the date of the referendum itself. the referendum which spain says is false additionally illegal. unless the mayor actually declares independence today, they would be no reason for spain to invoke that article 155. we are probably looking ahead at a call forf
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dialogue but no clear way out of the situation for either side. >> we will cover this story up until and through 6:00 p.m. tonight when the mayor will address the catalonia parliament with live coverage coming out of barcelona. tune in for that. to the united states, wildfires are raging through the wine country of northern california. at least 10 people have been killed and hundreds of homes destroyed. 20,000 people forced to flee. the california governor, jerry brown, says these to be the worst fires the state has ever seen. embers rained down over now the county. -- napa county, engulfing everything in its path. raging wildfires have swept across parts of northern california since late sunday
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night, killing several people and destroying more than 1500 homes. , twoe city of santa rosa hospitals were forced to evacuate patients as the fires closed-end. -- closed in. >> people are crying. trail flames have left a of destruction and the world-famous wine country of california with less vineyards charred by the flames and dozens of winery workers reportedly airlifted to safety. at least 20,000 residents have fled their homes while others have already returned to survey the damage. >> i am a resident. my house did make it. i feel bad for the folks he did not. >> firefighters have scrambled to tackle the blaze fueled by a combination of high winds, low humidity, and hot, dry weather. the governor of californinia has declared a state of emergency across several counties.
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that comes as the head of the u.s. environmental protection agency says the trump administration will repeal barack obama's clean power plan from 2015, an effort to restrict greenhouse gas omissions from power plants fired by coal. donald trump's epa is a longtime ally of the fossil fuel industry in a climate change skeptic, the moves have drawn harsh criticism from environmental groups. administration stepping further back from the fight against global warming. u.s. environmental protection agency chief scott pruitt says he will sign a proposed rule to repeal the u.s. clean power plan on tuesday. in a speech to call miners in kentucky on monday, he said -- >> the past administration was using power to use the epa to pick winners and losers in how we generate electricity in this
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country and that is wrong. theowerplant in the u.s. -- clean powerplant was an obama administration and initiative to cut emissions 32% by 2030. states were assigned reduction targets needed to be reached by building renewable energy production or by setting up market-based systems to trade limited pollution permits. trump: we will save the coal industry. believe me, we will l save it, i love those people. these are great people. >> he cicited an executive order toto rewrite the clelean power t which had already been suspended by the u.s. supreme court, pending legal challenges from folsom field producing states and business groups. environmental groups and former epa officials have denounced the walk back of climate regulations as not only disastrous for the environment, but e economically
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shortsighted as a green energy boom without sleep -- vastly outperforms -- it is unlikely the u.s. would the paris climate agreement, and a quarter from which donald trump has vowed to withdraw the u.s. agohe made history 12 years when she became the african first elected head of state. after her two terms in power, liberia is heading to the polls to vote for a new president. this will mark the liberian first transition of power and more than 70 years. 14 years after the end of a civil war that turned the country into a wasteland, liberia is headed to the polls for his first democratic transition in three generations. for the president, africa's first female elected head of state, it is a point of pride.
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>> let us take a moment to reflect on how far we have come as a nation. and as a people. from war to one of the most vibranant democracies i in the t african region. >> she w was first elected inn 2005, widely lauded for maintaining peace in liberia following brutal civil conflicts that killed an estimated quarter of a million people between 1989 and 2003. critics complained that she has failed to address liberia's rapid corruption and has not done enough to improve the lives of ordinary liberians. accused of nepotism for appointing her sons to top government posts. these fight the economy growing fourfold during her tenure, library is one of the world's most impoverished countries with poor education and a crumbling infrastructure. the 2014 outbreak of ebola virus
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that killed nearly 5000 people in liberia shattered the nation's businesses. simultaneous collapse inin commodity prices left the country y largely dependent on foreign aid, much to the chagrin of those running to succeed her. she defended her record and her integrity, saying she took charge of the country in ruins and that she and liberians can be proud of their progress. the country is going to be facing the biggest strike over the president's plan to overhaul the public sector. 120,000 double serving jobs on the line. the protest today are the fourth aimed at forcing t the pro-business president to roll back on his reforms. at more, let''s go to chris the beginning of the protest march in paris and he joins us .ive from the -- joins us live who is out and about for the protest today?
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crowds starting together for what unions hope will be the biggest public-sector walked out in about a decade in france. education workers, health workers, transport workers, civil servants, all the unions flags- you see the blue from one of many unions taking part. behind them is the blue balloon of the national police. in terms of disruption, health and education will be affected, air france has said that about one third of its flights, mainly national and short flights will be affected. canceling flights in and out of france because of the public transport network in the capital of paris. elsewhere, things pretty normal. unions hoping for a big turnout and encouraging people to come
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and -- here and to other locations and make noise. >> we have seen protests, this fall in france, are these protests the same thing be protests we saw against president macron's labor reforms earlier in the fall? >> yes and no, they are a little bit different, the labor reforms from the government you are talking about applied across the economy, public and private sector. today, we are looking at state workers and the complaint is there working lives have gotten harder in recent years. where those in the private sector have things better. they complain they have to pay increase welfare contributions at a time their salaries are stagnating and they're worried about the government's promise to add 120,000 state jobs by the end of his five-year mandate. unionsthe more muted
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have been responsible for parallel protest against macron's labor reform and labor unions brought on board, reluctantly in some cases, by negotiations with the government . the government will not take this lightly and know what has happened in the past when faced with protests. they are playing this carefully and proposing further talks with the unions in the coming weeks. >> thank you for that. reporting live from central paris where the protests against president macron and the public sector changes he wants to make is about to take place in about 45 minutes. this is affecting the business world. we will speak more about that. >> france is bracing itself for major disruptions today, all nine unions representing some 5.4 million public-sector workers have called for industrial action. the protests in response to the
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proposed cutting of one hundred 20,000 jobs, freezing of salaries, and reduction of sick leave composition. i spoke to the general secretary of a union for the civil service federation, i asked why there redundancies in the public sector when we accepted in other industries like auto. >> a tradition in france for a strong public sector. we think it is an important thing for the country. there is an element of stability for the country as we saw during the craziness of 2008. we are very attached to this and think that this is an important thing for the country. >> does this improve efficiency having more people employed in the public sector? >> talk about germany, where there is a lot of workers. they are important and more
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important that -- in france. is thek there possibility of creating more public jobs. there are 2 million more 2010.nts in france since there is some needs of public seservices foror these peoplple. this is a possibility of jobs in france. >> your union has called for a third strike against planned reforms to the labor code. other unions, the largest union says they want dialogue, why are they so resistant to change? >> we are not resistant to change, we think we must change a lot of things in this country. we want to change the policy of president macron that is leaving
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the policy for the richest part of the population. we think this is a problem. we tried -- we are ready to discuss with the government, with my union, only six hours of discussions about the collective bargaining. we cannot accept that. the discussions with the government need -- does not lead to something of substance, today is necessary and we will try to construct this mobilization with all of the french unions. >> you talked about emmanuel he just won the election in may, we are in october, when he was running he said he would make changes to the labor code in france. do you think french public opinion has shifted in just five months? >> the first reason why emmanuel macron was elected president of france is because the other
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candidate was marine le pen. france does not want a president -- a right-wing president. that is the first reason macron was elected. there is no majority today to cut public jobs and cut collective bargaining. there is no majory for this. >> the unenemployment rate in france this 9.5%. art big changes necessary to improve the health of the french economy? under the previous president, we saw small changes, unions made a big fuss for small changes and we see modest changes happen -- modest improvements to the economy, art big changes necessary desk are not big changes -- aren't they changes necessary? this must behat changed.
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we need more salaries. we need more public jobs. meansnk this is a strong to improve the french economy. >> more public jobs? isn't it already bloated? >> updated policies are failing this.n if the imf says we have to change and try to consider that public service is an investment for all the country and the economy. >> let's get a check of the markets. in europe, investors bracing themselves for what comes out of barcelona in a few hours, the footsie in london trading up 2/10 of 1%. goods in french luxury maker are up over 2% after that are than expected revenue
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growth. >> consumer goods company apologizing for an advertisement that has turned into a public relations disaster. >> when i saw it, i said what were they thinking? face showed a black woman removing her top and turning into a quite woman, the ad -- the company said they missed the mark and declined saying how it was approved. it circulated online and for many is reminiscent of soap advertisements from back in the day that showed skin colors lightening after using soap. >> now time for the -- ♪ we go to the top stories today. lots of focus in spain on this potential declaration of
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independence that could come tonight from the catalonia president. >> we have been looking through the catalonia press, there most widely read newspaper on the internet. they are close to the separatist movement. on the front page, they say spanish unity is hanging onto this man and his decision, his speech to regional parliament is a decision for the history books. that is what the editors say. -- catalonia has earned the right to decide but he does not want to lose the external support the region has or further sanctions on the region. his speech will have to make all of these desires fit in. it is not easy at the future of catalonia depends on it. >> not seeing the same level of solidarity with h other papers.. >> not at all, another catalonia paper, they say it is a speech
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that could accommodate and a process that will threaten social peace and self-government. they are's -- they are critical. they even say that not in our name, they say his speech will not be representative of what we believe. a declaration today would be a "historical irresponsibility and there will be a high price to pay." they want him to call elections instead of independence. >> crucial world cup qualifying matches today. >> france plays belarus in paris. argentina is playing ecuadoror n the ecuauadorian capital. that is a very important match for argentina because the two-time world cup winners could face a humiliating non-qualification for the russian world cup next year, if they do not win this match. the spanish sports paper are talking about it on their front page. football owes you a world cup, si, whiler say, to mes
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another paper calls it the last tango. the argentinian sports paper pressure, he under was confident and motivated ahead of the match. >> more serious story in france were greenpeace has released a truly frightening word about just how under protected french nuclear sites are. >> so serious they only released a little part of the report. a redacted one. because the focus is so serious. greenpeace work with -- worked with experts and the bottom line it is really bad, french nuclear sites are severely under protected from potential terrorist threats, in particular these things called cooling
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pools, for nuclear waste is stored. it is outside of the nuclear center. they say that beefing up security of all the pools could cost up to 222 million euros and they say not doing it could cost us much more. >> p british papers reacting to theresa may's keynote brexit speech, divided reactions. she presentedn -- her vision of britain's post brexit, a desperate one, she warned written to prepare for crushing out of the european union with no deal, no safety net, no vision. for the guardian, brexit has doomed theresa may and europe will bring her down, they say. a funny take from the telegraph says that the speech was not a total disaster because she did not knock over her water and was not knocked out unconscious by a
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microphone falling from the ceiling. the lights did not go out and the walls did not collapse so maybe her luck is turning around. i guess, baby steps. >> i nothing battle of housewives, th
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announcer: this is a production of china central television america. lee: leonardo da vinci once said that simplicity is the ultimate form of sophistication. this week's "full frame," guests are proving that simple ideas to foster change can have the most profound impact. i'm may lee in los angeles. let's take it "full frame." welcome back. see this bar of soap? well, did you know it has the

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